PHP implements illegal word filtering (algorithm analysis)

藏色散人
Release: 2023-04-11 08:04:02
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Algorithm Introduction

Construct keywords into a tree, and each word is a node.

Traverse the statements that need to be filtered, and search each word of the statement in the tree to see if it exists.

Difficulties in implementation

Constructing a tree is simple. The key point is that traversing a string in php requires you to correctly obtain the length of a single character.
The simple method of traversing a string is as follows:

$strLen = mb_strlen($str);
for ($i = 0; $i < $strLen; $i++) {
    echo mb_substr($str, $i, 1, "utf8"),PHP_EOL;
}
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This method uses the mb_* series of functions to correctly intercept each character. It is very slow when processing a large number of strings. I guess Yes: mb_substrEvery time a character is intercepted, the number of characters before the string must be calculated.
The correct way to traverse a string is to intercept the string according to the encoding rules of utf8. Please see below for details.

Algorithm Implementation

tree = new WordNode();
        $file = fopen($path, "r");
        while (!feof($file)) {
            $words = trim(fgets($file));
            if ($words == '') {
                continue;
            }
            //存在纯数字的非法词汇
            if (is_numeric($words)) {
                $this->callIsNumeric = false;
            }
            $this->setTree($words);
        }
        fclose($file);
    }

    protected function setTree($words)
    {
        $array = $this->strToArr($words);
        $tree = $this->tree;
        $l = count($array) - 1;
        foreach ($array as $k => $item) {
            $tree = $tree->getChildAlways($item);
            if ($l == $k) {
                $tree->end = true;
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 返回包含的非法词汇
     * @param string $str
     * @return array
     */
    public function check($str)
    {
        //先压缩字符串
        $str = trim(str_replace([' ', "\n", "\r"], ['', '', ''], $str));
        $ret = [];
        loop:
        $strLen = strlen($str);
        if ($strLen === 0) {
            return array_unique($ret);
        }
        //非法词汇中没有纯数字的非法词汇,待检测字符串又是纯数字的,则跳过不再检查
        if ($this->callIsNumeric && is_numeric($str)) {
            return array_unique($ret);
        }
        //挨个字符进行判断
        $tree = $this->tree;
        $words = '';
        for ($i = 0; $i < $strLen; $i++) {
            //unicode范围 --> ord 范围
            //一字节 0-127 --> 0 - 127
            //二字节 128-2047 --> 194 - 223
            //三字节 2048-65535 --> 224 - 239
            //四字节 65536-1114111 --> 240 - 244
            //@see http://shouce.jb51.net/gopl-zh/ch3/ch3-05.html
            $ord = ord($str[$i]);
            if ($ord <= 127) {
                $word = $str[$i];
            } elseif ($ord <= 223) {
                $word = $str[$i] . $str[$i + 1];
                $i += 1;
            } elseif ($ord <= 239) {
                $word = $str[$i] . $str[$i + 1] . $str[$i + 2];
                $i += 2;
            } elseif ($ord <= 244) {
                //四字节
                $word = $str[$i] . $str[$i + 1] . $str[$i + 2] . $str[$i + 3];
                $i += 3;
            } else {
                //五字节php都溢出了
                //Parse error: Invalid UTF-8 codepoint escape sequence: Codepoint too large
                continue;
            }
            //判断当前字符
            $tree = $tree->getChild($word);
            if (is_null($tree)) {
                //当前字不存在,则截取后再次循环
                $str = substr($str, $i + 1);
                goto loop;
            } else {
                $words .= $word;
                if ($tree->end) {
                    $ret[] = $words;
                }
            }
        }
        return array_unique($ret);
    }

    protected function strToArr($str)
    {
        $array = [];
        $strLen = mb_strlen($str);
        for ($i = 0; $i < $strLen; $i++) {
            $array[] = mb_substr($str, $i, 1, "utf8");
        }
        return $array;
    }
}
/**
 * 单个字符的节点
 */
class WordNode
{
    //是否为非法词汇末级节点
    public $end = false;
    //子节点
    protected $child = [];

    /**
     * @param string $word
     * @return WordNode
     */
    public function getChildAlways($word)
    {
        if (!isset($this->child[$word])) {
            $this->child[$word] = new self();
        }
        return $this->child[$word];
    }

    /**
     * @param string $word
     * @return WordNode|null
     */
    public function getChild($word)
    {
        if ($word === '') {
            return null;
        }
        if (isset($this->child[$word])) {
            return $this->child[$word];
        }
        return null;
    }
}
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