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sublime text 3怎么在Ubuntu下支持中文输入

转载2021-08-25 15:50:220296
下面由sublime教程栏目给大家介绍sublime text 3怎么在Ubuntu下支持中文输入,希望对需要的朋友有所帮助!

  • 相关依赖软件的安装---sudo apt-get install build-essential libgtk2.0-dev
  • 复制下面代码到sublime text 3中,并保存为名为sublime_imfix.c的文件
/*
 * sublime-imfix.c
 * Use LD_PRELOAD to interpose some function to fix sublime input method support for linux.
 * By Cjacker Huang <jianzhong.huang at i-soft.com.cn> *
 *
 * gcc -shared -o libsublime-imfix.so sublime_imfix.c  `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-2.0` -fPIC
 * LD_PRELOAD=./libsublime-imfix.so sublime_text
 */
#include <gtk/gtk.h>
#include <gdk/gdkx.h>

typedef GdkSegment GdkRegionBox;

struct _GdkRegion
{
    long size;
    long numRects;
    GdkRegionBox *rects;
    GdkRegionBox extents;
};

GtkIMContext *local_context;

void
gdk_region_get_clipbox (const GdkRegion *region,
                        GdkRectangle    *rectangle)
{
    g_return_if_fail (region != NULL);
    g_return_if_fail (rectangle != NULL);

    rectangle->x = region->extents.x1;
    rectangle->y = region->extents.y1;
    rectangle->width = region->extents.x2 - region->extents.x1;
    rectangle->height = region->extents.y2 - region->extents.y1;
    GdkRectangle rect;
    rect.x = rectangle->x;
    rect.y = rectangle->y;
    rect.width = 0;
    rect.height = rectangle->height;

    //The caret width is 2;
    //Maybe sometimes we will make a mistake, but for most of the time, it should be the caret.
    if (rectangle->width == 2 && GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT(local_context)) {
        gtk_im_context_set_cursor_location(local_context, rectangle);
    }
}
//this is needed, for example, if you input something in file dialog and return back the edit area
//context will lost, so here we set it again.

static GdkFilterReturn event_filter (GdkXEvent *xevent, GdkEvent *event, gpointer im_context)
{
    XEvent *xev = (XEvent *)xevent;

    if (xev->type == KeyRelease && GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT(im_context)) {
        GdkWindow *win = g_object_get_data(G_OBJECT(im_context), "window");

        if (GDK_IS_WINDOW(win)) {
            gtk_im_context_set_client_window(im_context, win);
        }
    }

    return GDK_FILTER_CONTINUE;
}

void gtk_im_context_set_client_window (GtkIMContext *context,
                                       GdkWindow    *window)
{
    GtkIMContextClass *klass;
    g_return_if_fail (GTK_IS_IM_CONTEXT (context));
    klass = GTK_IM_CONTEXT_GET_CLASS (context);

    if (klass->set_client_window) {
        klass->set_client_window (context, window);
    }

    if (!GDK_IS_WINDOW (window)) {
        return;
    }

    g_object_set_data(G_OBJECT(context), "window", window);
    int width = gdk_window_get_width(window);
    int height = gdk_window_get_height(window);

    if (width != 0 && height != 0) {
        gtk_im_context_focus_in(context);
        local_context = context;
    }

    gdk_window_add_filter (window, event_filter, context);
}
  • 在终端找到文件位置,将这个文件编译成共享库libsublime-imfix.so----输入命令
    gcc -shared -o libsublime-imfix.so sublime_imfix.c `pkg-config --libs --cflags gtk+-2.0` -fPIC
  • 将libsublime-imfix.so拷贝到sublime_text所在文件夹---sudo mv libsublime-imfix.so /opt/sublime_text/
  • 修改文件/usr/bin/subl的内容---sudo gedit /usr/bin/subl
#!/bin/sh
exec /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text "$@"
  • 修改为
#!/bin/sh
LD_PRELOAD=/opt/sublime_text/libsublime-imfix.so exec /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text "$@"

这样,我们从终端输入subl启动,就能在sublime中输入中文了!

最后,为了方便我们直接启动时,也能使用中文输入,我们需要在终端命令打开和修改文件sublime_text.desktop的内容---sudo gedit /usr/share/applications/sublime_text.desktop

[Desktop Entry]
Version=1.0
Type=Application
Name=Sublime Text
GenericName=Text Editor
Comment=Sophisticated text editor for code,markup and prose
Exec=bash -c "LD_PRELOAD=/opt/sublime_text/libsublime-imfix.so exec /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text %F"
Terminal=false
MimeType=text/plain;
Icon=sublime-text
Categories=TextEditor;Development;Utility;
StartupNotify=true
Actions=Window;Document;

X-Desktop-File-Install-Version=0.22

[Desktop Action Window]
Name=New Window
Exec=bash -c "LD_PRELOAD=/opt/sublime_text/libsublime-imfix.so exec /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text -n"
OnlyShowIn=Unity;
[Desktop Action Document]
Name=New File
Exec=bash -c "LD_PRELOAD=/opt/sublime_text/libsublime-imfix.so exec /opt/sublime_text/sublime_text --command new_file"
OnlyShowIn=Unity;

将内容替换为上面代码内容,这样,我们就大功告成了!当然,为了稳定,我们还是从终端启动更好!

*注
因为我们会看到两个图标,其中一个启动才是可以输入中文的,另一个则还是不能输入

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