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php xml怎么转化成json

原创2021-09-02 14:44:150629

php xml转化成json的方法:1、创建一个PHP示例文件;2、找到需要转换的xml文件;3、通过“function xmlToArray($xml, $options = array()) {...}”方法将其转换成json即可。

本文操作环境:Windows7系统、PHP7.1版本、Dell G3电脑

php xml怎么转化成json?

XML 转 JSON

以下代码演示了如何将一个 xml 文件的数据转换为 Json 格式数据:

function xmlToArray($xml, $options = array()) {
    $defaults = array(
        'namespaceSeparator' => ':',//you may want this to be something other than a colon
        'attributePrefix' => '@',   //to distinguish between attributes and nodes with the same name
        'alwaysArray' => array(),   //array of xml tag names which should always become arrays
        'autoArray' => true,        //only create arrays for tags which appear more than once
        'textContent' => '$',       //key used for the text content of elements
        'autoText' => true,         //skip textContent key if node has no attributes or child nodes
        'keySearch' => false,       //optional search and replace on tag and attribute names
        'keyReplace' => false       //replace values for above search values (as passed to str_replace())
    );
    $options = array_merge($defaults, $options);
    $namespaces = $xml->getDocNamespaces();
    $namespaces[''] = null; //add base (empty) namespace
 
    //get attributes from all namespaces
    $attributesArray = array();
    foreach ($namespaces as $prefix => $namespace) {
        foreach ($xml->attributes($namespace) as $attributeName => $attribute) {
            //replace characters in attribute name
            if ($options['keySearch']) $attributeName =
                    str_replace($options['keySearch'], $options['keyReplace'], $attributeName);
            $attributeKey = $options['attributePrefix']
                    . ($prefix ? $prefix . $options['namespaceSeparator'] : '')
                    . $attributeName;
            $attributesArray[$attributeKey] = (string)$attribute;
        }
    }
 
    //get child nodes from all namespaces
    $tagsArray = array();
    foreach ($namespaces as $prefix => $namespace) {
        foreach ($xml->children($namespace) as $childXml) {
            //recurse into child nodes
            $childArray = xmlToArray($childXml, $options);
            list($childTagName, $childProperties) = each($childArray);
 
            //replace characters in tag name
            if ($options['keySearch']) $childTagName =
                    str_replace($options['keySearch'], $options['keyReplace'], $childTagName);
            //add namespace prefix, if any
            if ($prefix) $childTagName = $prefix . $options['namespaceSeparator'] . $childTagName;
 
            if (!isset($tagsArray[$childTagName])) {
                //only entry with this key
                //test if tags of this type should always be arrays, no matter the element count
                $tagsArray[$childTagName] =
                        in_array($childTagName, $options['alwaysArray']) || !$options['autoArray']
                        ? array($childProperties) : $childProperties;
            } elseif (
                is_array($tagsArray[$childTagName]) && array_keys($tagsArray[$childTagName])
                === range(0, count($tagsArray[$childTagName]) - 1)
            ) {
                //key already exists and is integer indexed array
                $tagsArray[$childTagName][] = $childProperties;
            } else {
                //key exists so convert to integer indexed array with previous value in position 0
                $tagsArray[$childTagName] = array($tagsArray[$childTagName], $childProperties);
            }
        }
    }
 
    //get text content of node
    $textContentArray = array();
    $plainText = trim((string)$xml);
    if ($plainText !== '') $textContentArray[$options['textContent']] = $plainText;
 
    //stick it all together
    $propertiesArray = !$options['autoText'] || $attributesArray || $tagsArray || ($plainText === '')
            ? array_merge($attributesArray, $tagsArray, $textContentArray) : $plainText;
 
    //return node as array
    return array(
        $xml->getName() => $propertiesArray
    );
}

使用实例

$xmlNode = simplexml_load_file('example.xml');
$arrayData = xmlToArray($xmlNode);
echo json_encode($arrayData);

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