html的转义字符怎样通过代码识别
作者: default|标签:HTML 通过 怎样|2018-2-9 10:05
这次给大家带来html的转义字符怎样通过代码识别,html的转义字符通过代码识别的注意事项有哪些,下面就是实战案例,一起来看一下。

偶尔会在数据中看到诸如' 这样的字符,特征如下
以&#开头,中间是一串数字,以;结尾
以&开头,中间一串字符,以;结尾
比如最常见的 或者等价的 
浏览器遇到这些转义符,会转义回来,但如何通过代码识别? org.apache.commons.lang.StringEscapeUtils.unescapeHtml提供了很好的说明
遇到上面的第一种情况,中间是数字的,直接将数字(unicode)转为char
遇到第二情况,中间是字符,只能查映射表了,从映射表中找到字符对应的数字再转换为char 看看代码就一目了然了
看看HTML40如何定义的

static { 
HTML40 = new Entities(); 
fillWithHtml40Entities(HTML40); 
} 
static void fillWithHtml40Entities(Entities entities) { 
entities.addEntities(BASIC_ARRAY); 
entities.addEntities(ISO8859_1_ARRAY); 
entities.addEntities(HTML40_ARRAY); 
}

再看看BASIC_ARRAY、ISO8859_1_ARRAY、HTML40_ARRAY 分别是什么
BASIC_ARRAY

private static final String[][] BASIC_ARRAY = {{"quot", "34"}, // " - double-quote 
{"amp", "38"}, // & - ampersand 
{"lt", "60"}, // < - less-than 
{"gt", "62"}, // > - greater-than 
};

ISO8859_1_ARRAY

static final String[][] ISO8859_1_ARRAY = {{"nbsp", "160"}, // non-breaking space 
{"iexcl", "161"}, // inverted exclamation mark 
{"cent", "162"}, // cent sign 
{"pound", "163"}, // pound sign 
{"curren", "164"}, // currency sign 
{"yen", "165"}, // yen sign = yuan sign 
{"brvbar", "166"}, // broken bar = broken vertical bar 
{"sect", "167"}, // section sign 
{"uml", "168"}, // diaeresis = spacing diaeresis 
{"copy", "169"}, // � - copyright sign 
{"ordf", "170"}, // feminine ordinal indicator 
{"laquo", "171"}, // left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet 
{"not", "172"}, // not sign 
{"shy", "173"}, // soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen 
{"reg", "174"}, // � - registered trademark sign 
{"macr", "175"}, // macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar 
{"deg", "176"}, // degree sign 
{"plusmn", "177"}, // plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign 
{"sup2", "178"}, // superscript two = superscript digit two = squared 
{"sup3", "179"}, // superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed 
{"acute", "180"}, // acute accent = spacing acute 
{"micro", "181"}, // micro sign 
{"para", "182"}, // pilcrow sign = paragraph sign 
{"middot", "183"}, // middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot 
{"cedil", "184"}, // cedilla = spacing cedilla 
{"sup1", "185"}, // superscript one = superscript digit one 
{"ordm", "186"}, // masculine ordinal indicator 
{"raquo", "187"}, // right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet 
{"frac14", "188"}, // vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter 
{"frac12", "189"}, // vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half 
{"frac34", "190"}, // vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters 
{"iquest", "191"}, // inverted question mark = turned question mark 
{"Agrave", "192"}, // � - uppercase A, grave accent 
{"Aacute", "193"}, // � - uppercase A, acute accent 
{"Acirc", "194"}, // � - uppercase A, circumflex accent 
{"Atilde", "195"}, // � - uppercase A, tilde 
{"Auml", "196"}, // � - uppercase A, umlaut 
{"Aring", "197"}, // � - uppercase A, ring 
{"AElig", "198"}, // � - uppercase AE 
{"Ccedil", "199"}, // � - uppercase C, cedilla 
{"Egrave", "200"}, // � - uppercase E, grave accent 
{"Eacute", "201"}, // � - uppercase E, acute accent 
{"Ecirc", "202"}, // � - uppercase E, circumflex accent 
{"Euml", "203"}, // � - uppercase E, umlaut 
{"Igrave", "204"}, // � - uppercase I, grave accent 
{"Iacute", "205"}, // � - uppercase I, acute accent 
{"Icirc", "206"}, // � - uppercase I, circumflex accent 
{"Iuml", "207"}, // � - uppercase I, umlaut 
{"ETH", "208"}, // � - uppercase Eth, Icelandic 
{"Ntilde", "209"}, // � - uppercase N, tilde 
{"Ograve", "210"}, // � - uppercase O, grave accent 
{"Oacute", "211"}, // � - uppercase O, acute accent 
{"Ocirc", "212"}, // � - uppercase O, circumflex accent 
{"Otilde", "213"}, // � - uppercase O, tilde 
{"Ouml", "214"}, // � - uppercase O, umlaut 
{"times", "215"}, // multiplication sign 
{"Oslash", "216"}, // � - uppercase O, slash 
{"Ugrave", "217"}, // � - uppercase U, grave accent 
{"Uacute", "218"}, // � - uppercase U, acute accent 
{"Ucirc", "219"}, // � - uppercase U, circumflex accent 
{"Uuml", "220"}, // � - uppercase U, umlaut 
{"Yacute", "221"}, // � - uppercase Y, acute accent 
{"THORN", "222"}, // � - uppercase THORN, Icelandic 
{"szlig", "223"}, // � - lowercase sharps, German 
{"agrave", "224"}, // � - lowercase a, grave accent 
{"aacute", "225"}, // � - lowercase a, acute accent 
{"acirc", "226"}, // � - lowercase a, circumflex accent 
{"atilde", "227"}, // � - lowercase a, tilde 
{"auml", "228"}, // � - lowercase a, umlaut 
{"aring", "229"}, // � - lowercase a, ring 
{"aelig", "230"}, // � - lowercase ae 
{"ccedil", "231"}, // � - lowercase c, cedilla 
{"egrave", "232"}, // � - lowercase e, grave accent 
{"eacute", "233"}, // � - lowercase e, acute accent 
{"ecirc", "234"}, // � - lowercase e, circumflex accent 
{"euml", "235"}, // � - lowercase e, umlaut 
{"igrave", "236"}, // � - lowercase i, grave accent 
{"iacute", "237"}, // � - lowercase i, acute accent 
{"icirc", "238"}, // � - lowercase i, circumflex accent 
{"iuml", "239"}, // � - lowercase i, umlaut 
{"eth", "240"}, // � - lowercase eth, Icelandic 
{"ntilde", "241"}, // � - lowercase n, tilde 
{"ograve", "242"}, // � - lowercase o, grave accent 
{"oacute", "243"}, // � - lowercase o, acute accent 
{"ocirc", "244"}, // � - lowercase o, circumflex accent 
{"otilde", "245"}, // � - lowercase o, tilde 
{"ouml", "246"}, // � - lowercase o, umlaut 
{"pide", "247"}, // pision sign 
{"oslash", "248"}, // � - lowercase o, slash 
{"ugrave", "249"}, // � - lowercase u, grave accent 
{"uacute", "250"}, // � - lowercase u, acute accent 
{"ucirc", "251"}, // � - lowercase u, circumflex accent 
{"uuml", "252"}, // � - lowercase u, umlaut 
{"yacute", "253"}, // � - lowercase y, acute accent 
{"thorn", "254"}, // � - lowercase thorn, Icelandic 
{"yuml", "255"}, // � - lowercase y, umlaut 
};


HTML40_ARRAY

static final String[][] HTML40_ARRAY = { 
// <!-- Latin Extended-B --> 
{"fnof", "402"}, // latin small f with hook = function= florin, U+0192 ISOtech --> 
// <!-- Greek --> 
{"Alpha", "913"}, // greek capital letter alpha, U+0391 --> 
{"Beta", "914"}, // greek capital letter beta, U+0392 --> 
{"Gamma", "915"}, // greek capital letter gamma,U+0393 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"Delta", "916"}, // greek capital letter delta,U+0394 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"Epsilon", "917"}, // greek capital letter epsilon, U+0395 --> 
{"Zeta", "918"}, // greek capital letter zeta, U+0396 --> 
{"Eta", "919"}, // greek capital letter eta, U+0397 --> 
{"Theta", "920"}, // greek capital letter theta,U+0398 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"Iota", "921"}, // greek capital letter iota, U+0399 --> 
{"Kappa", "922"}, // greek capital letter kappa, U+039A --> 
{"Lambda", "923"}, // greek capital letter lambda,U+039B ISOgrk3 --> 
{"Mu", "924"}, // greek capital letter mu, U+039C --> 
{"Nu", "925"}, // greek capital letter nu, U+039D --> 
{"Xi", "926"}, // greek capital letter xi, U+039E ISOgrk3 --> 
{"Omicron", "927"}, // greek capital letter omicron, U+039F --> 
{"Pi", "928"}, // greek capital letter pi, U+03A0 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"Rho", "929"}, // greek capital letter rho, U+03A1 --> 
// <!-- there is no Sigmaf, and no U+03A2 character either --> 
{"Sigma", "931"}, // greek capital letter sigma,U+03A3 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"Tau", "932"}, // greek capital letter tau, U+03A4 --> 
{"Upsilon", "933"}, // greek capital letter upsilon,U+03A5 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"Phi", "934"}, // greek capital letter phi,U+03A6 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"Chi", "935"}, // greek capital letter chi, U+03A7 --> 
{"Psi", "936"}, // greek capital letter psi,U+03A8 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"Omega", "937"}, // greek capital letter omega,U+03A9 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"alpha", "945"}, // greek small letter alpha,U+03B1 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"beta", "946"}, // greek small letter beta, U+03B2 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"gamma", "947"}, // greek small letter gamma,U+03B3 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"delta", "948"}, // greek small letter delta,U+03B4 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"epsilon", "949"}, // greek small letter epsilon,U+03B5 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"zeta", "950"}, // greek small letter zeta, U+03B6 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"eta", "951"}, // greek small letter eta, U+03B7 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"theta", "952"}, // greek small letter theta,U+03B8 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"iota", "953"}, // greek small letter iota, U+03B9 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"kappa", "954"}, // greek small letter kappa,U+03BA ISOgrk3 --> 
{"lambda", "955"}, // greek small letter lambda,U+03BB ISOgrk3 --> 
{"mu", "956"}, // greek small letter mu, U+03BC ISOgrk3 --> 
{"nu", "957"}, // greek small letter nu, U+03BD ISOgrk3 --> 
{"xi", "958"}, // greek small letter xi, U+03BE ISOgrk3 --> 
{"omicron", "959"}, // greek small letter omicron, U+03BF NEW --> 
{"pi", "960"}, // greek small letter pi, U+03C0 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"rho", "961"}, // greek small letter rho, U+03C1 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"sigmaf", "962"}, // greek small letter final sigma,U+03C2 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"sigma", "963"}, // greek small letter sigma,U+03C3 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"tau", "964"}, // greek small letter tau, U+03C4 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"upsilon", "965"}, // greek small letter upsilon,U+03C5 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"phi", "966"}, // greek small letter phi, U+03C6 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"chi", "967"}, // greek small letter chi, U+03C7 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"psi", "968"}, // greek small letter psi, U+03C8 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"omega", "969"}, // greek small letter omega,U+03C9 ISOgrk3 --> 
{"thetasym", "977"}, // greek small letter theta symbol,U+03D1 NEW --> 
{"upsih", "978"}, // greek upsilon with hook symbol,U+03D2 NEW --> 
{"piv", "982"}, // greek pi symbol, U+03D6 ISOgrk3 --> 
// <!-- General Punctuation --> 
{"bull", "8226"}, // bullet = black small circle,U+2022 ISOpub --> 
// <!-- bullet is NOT the same as bullet operator, U+2219 --> 
{"hellip", "8230"}, // horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader,U+2026 ISOpub --> 
{"prime", "8242"}, // prime = minutes = feet, U+2032 ISOtech --> 
{"Prime", "8243"}, // double prime = seconds = inches,U+2033 ISOtech --> 
{"oline", "8254"}, // overline = spacing overscore,U+203E NEW --> 
{"frasl", "8260"}, // fraction slash, U+2044 NEW --> 
// <!-- Letterlike Symbols --> 
{"weierp", "8472"}, // script capital P = power set= Weierstrass p, U+2118 ISOamso --> 
{"image", "8465"}, // blackletter capital I = imaginary part,U+2111 ISOamso --> 
{"real", "8476"}, // blackletter capital R = real part symbol,U+211C ISOamso --> 
{"trade", "8482"}, // trade mark sign, U+2122 ISOnum --> 
{"alefsym", "8501"}, // alef symbol = first transfinite cardinal,U+2135 NEW --> 
// <!-- alef symbol is NOT the same as hebrew letter alef,U+05D0 although the 
// same glyph could be used to depict both characters --> 
// <!-- Arrows --> 
{"larr", "8592"}, // leftwards arrow, U+2190 ISOnum --> 
{"uarr", "8593"}, // upwards arrow, U+2191 ISOnum--> 
{"rarr", "8594"}, // rightwards arrow, U+2192 ISOnum --> 
{"darr", "8595"}, // downwards arrow, U+2193 ISOnum --> 
{"harr", "8596"}, // left right arrow, U+2194 ISOamsa --> 
{"crarr", "8629"}, // downwards arrow with corner leftwards= carriage return, U+21B5 NEW --> 
{"lArr", "8656"}, // leftwards double arrow, U+21D0 ISOtech --> 
// <!-- ISO 10646 does not say that lArr is the same as the 'is implied by' 
// arrow but also does not have any other character for that function. 
// So ? lArr canbe used for 'is implied by' as ISOtech suggests --> 
{"uArr", "8657"}, // upwards double arrow, U+21D1 ISOamsa --> 
{"rArr", "8658"}, // rightwards double arrow,U+21D2 ISOtech --> 
// <!-- ISO 10646 does not say this is the 'implies' character but does not 
// have another character with this function so ?rArr can be used for 
// 'implies' as ISOtech suggests --> 
{"dArr", "8659"}, // downwards double arrow, U+21D3 ISOamsa --> 
{"hArr", "8660"}, // left right double arrow,U+21D4 ISOamsa --> 
// <!-- Mathematical Operators --> 
{"forall", "8704"}, // for all, U+2200 ISOtech --> 
{"part", "8706"}, // partial differential, U+2202 ISOtech --> 
{"exist", "8707"}, // there exists, U+2203 ISOtech --> 
{"empty", "8709"}, // empty set = null set = diameter,U+2205 ISOamso --> 
{"nabla", "8711"}, // nabla = backward difference,U+2207 ISOtech --> 
{"isin", "8712"}, // element of, U+2208 ISOtech --> 
{"notin", "8713"}, // not an element of, U+2209 ISOtech --> 
{"ni", "8715"}, // contains as member, U+220B ISOtech --> 
// <!-- should there be a more memorable name than 'ni'? --> 
{"prod", "8719"}, // n-ary product = product sign,U+220F ISOamsb --> 
// <!-- prod is NOT the same character as U+03A0 'greek capital letter pi' 
// though the same glyph might be used for both --> 
{"sum", "8721"}, // n-ary summation, U+2211 ISOamsb --> 
// <!-- sum is NOT the same character as U+03A3 'greek capital letter sigma' 
// though the same glyph might be used for both --> 
{"minus", "8722"}, // minus sign, U+2212 ISOtech --> 
{"lowast", "8727"}, // asterisk operator, U+2217 ISOtech --> 
{"radic", "8730"}, // square root = radical sign,U+221A ISOtech --> 
{"prop", "8733"}, // proportional to, U+221D ISOtech --> 
{"infin", "8734"}, // infinity, U+221E ISOtech --> 
{"ang", "8736"}, // angle, U+2220 ISOamso --> 
{"and", "8743"}, // logical and = wedge, U+2227 ISOtech --> 
{"or", "8744"}, // logical or = vee, U+2228 ISOtech --> 
{"cap", "8745"}, // intersection = cap, U+2229 ISOtech --> 
{"cup", "8746"}, // union = cup, U+222A ISOtech --> 
{"int", "8747"}, // integral, U+222B ISOtech --> 
{"there4", "8756"}, // therefore, U+2234 ISOtech --> 
{"sim", "8764"}, // tilde operator = varies with = similar to,U+223C ISOtech --> 
// <!-- tilde operator is NOT the same character as the tilde, U+007E,although 
// the same glyph might be used to represent both --> 
{"cong", "8773"}, // approximately equal to, U+2245 ISOtech --> 
{"asymp", "8776"}, // almost equal to = asymptotic to,U+2248 ISOamsr --> 
{"ne", "8800"}, // not equal to, U+2260 ISOtech --> 
{"equiv", "8801"}, // identical to, U+2261 ISOtech --> 
{"le", "8804"}, // less-than or equal to, U+2264 ISOtech --> 
{"ge", "8805"}, // greater-than or equal to,U+2265 ISOtech --> 
{"sub", "8834"}, // subset of, U+2282 ISOtech --> 
{"sup", "8835"}, // superset of, U+2283 ISOtech --> 
// <!-- note that nsup, 'not a superset of, U+2283' is not covered by the 
// Symbol font encoding and is not included. Should it be, for symmetry? 
// It is in ISOamsn --> <!ENTITY nsub", "8836"}, 
// not a subset of, U+2284 ISOamsn --> 
{"sube", "8838"}, // subset of or equal to, U+2286 ISOtech --> 
{"supe", "8839"}, // superset of or equal to,U+2287 ISOtech --> 
{"oplus", "8853"}, // circled plus = direct sum,U+2295 ISOamsb --> 
{"otimes", "8855"}, // circled times = vector product,U+2297 ISOamsb --> 
{"perp", "8869"}, // up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular,U+22A5 ISOtech --> 
{"sdot", "8901"}, // dot operator, U+22C5 ISOamsb --> 
// <!-- dot operator is NOT the same character as U+00B7 middle dot --> 
// <!-- Miscellaneous Technical --> 
{"lceil", "8968"}, // left ceiling = apl upstile,U+2308 ISOamsc --> 
{"rceil", "8969"}, // right ceiling, U+2309 ISOamsc --> 
{"lfloor", "8970"}, // left floor = apl downstile,U+230A ISOamsc --> 
{"rfloor", "8971"}, // right floor, U+230B ISOamsc --> 
{"lang", "9001"}, // left-pointing angle bracket = bra,U+2329 ISOtech --> 
// <!-- lang is NOT the same character as U+003C 'less than' or U+2039 'single left-pointing angle quotation 
// mark' --> 
{"rang", "9002"}, // right-pointing angle bracket = ket,U+232A ISOtech --> 
// <!-- rang is NOT the same character as U+003E 'greater than' or U+203A 
// 'single right-pointing angle quotation mark' --> 
// <!-- Geometric Shapes --> 
{"loz", "9674"}, // lozenge, U+25CA ISOpub --> 
// <!-- Miscellaneous Symbols --> 
{"spades", "9824"}, // black spade suit, U+2660 ISOpub --> 
// <!-- black here seems to mean filled as opposed to hollow --> 
{"clubs", "9827"}, // black club suit = shamrock,U+2663 ISOpub --> 
{"hearts", "9829"}, // black heart suit = valentine,U+2665 ISOpub --> 
{"diams", "9830"}, // black diamond suit, U+2666 ISOpub --> 
// <!-- Latin Extended-A --> 
{"OElig", "338"}, // -- latin capital ligature OE,U+0152 ISOlat2 --> 
{"oelig", "339"}, // -- latin small ligature oe, U+0153 ISOlat2 --> 
// <!-- ligature is a misnomer, this is a separate character in some languages --> 
{"Scaron", "352"}, // -- latin capital letter S with caron,U+0160 ISOlat2 --> 
{"scaron", "353"}, // -- latin small letter s with caron,U+0161 ISOlat2 --> 
{"Yuml", "376"}, // -- latin capital letter Y with diaeresis,U+0178 ISOlat2 --> 
// <!-- Spacing Modifier Letters --> 
{"circ", "710"}, // -- modifier letter circumflex accent,U+02C6 ISOpub --> 
{"tilde", "732"}, // small tilde, U+02DC ISOdia --> 
// <!-- General Punctuation --> 
{"ensp", "8194"}, // en space, U+2002 ISOpub --> 
{"emsp", "8195"}, // em space, U+2003 ISOpub --> 
{"thinsp", "8201"}, // thin space, U+2009 ISOpub --> 
{"zwnj", "8204"}, // zero width non-joiner,U+200C NEW RFC 2070 --> 
{"zwj", "8205"}, // zero width joiner, U+200D NEW RFC 2070 --> 
{"lrm", "8206"}, // left-to-right mark, U+200E NEW RFC 2070 --> 
{"rlm", "8207"}, // right-to-left mark, U+200F NEW RFC 2070 --> 
{"ndash", "8211"}, // en dash, U+2013 ISOpub --> 
{"mdash", "8212"}, // em dash, U+2014 ISOpub --> 
{"lsquo", "8216"}, // left single quotation mark,U+2018 ISOnum --> 
{"rsquo", "8217"}, // right single quotation mark,U+2019 ISOnum --> 
{"sbquo", "8218"}, // single low-9 quotation mark, U+201A NEW --> 
{"ldquo", "8220"}, // left double quotation mark,U+201C ISOnum --> 
{"rdquo", "8221"}, // right double quotation mark,U+201D ISOnum --> 
{"bdquo", "8222"}, // double low-9 quotation mark, U+201E NEW --> 
{"dagger", "8224"}, // dagger, U+2020 ISOpub --> 
{"Dagger", "8225"}, // double dagger, U+2021 ISOpub --> 
{"permil", "8240"}, // per mille sign, U+2030 ISOtech --> 
{"lsaquo", "8249"}, // single left-pointing angle quotation mark,U+2039 ISO proposed --> 
// <!-- lsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized --> 
{"rsaquo", "8250"}, // single right-pointing angle quotation mark,U+203A ISO proposed --> 
// <!-- rsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized --> 
{"euro", "8364"}, // -- euro sign, U+20AC NEW --> 
};


再扩展下

从前面可以看到转义字符中间的那段数字是unicode,那么 这个 转移字符可以 随便构造了 ,并不限于上面的定义,比如 中的unicode是20013,那么构造一个转移字符&#20013;,经过浏览器的渲染 就变回中了 ,虽然不必这么绕为了显示一个字符,但如果在一些不方便传输特殊字符的场景 就可以派上用途了

相信看了这些案例你已经掌握了方法,更多精彩请关注php中文网其它相关文章!

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以上就是html的转义字符怎样通过代码识别的详细内容,更多请关注php中文网其它相关文章!

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